The Centre of Research Excellence in Suicide Prevention (CRESP) brings together leading Australian and international experts to undertake research and drive rapid advances in suicide prevention. Our experts have compiled a collection of suicide prevention resources including self-help tools, strategy documents, and research findings.
This page contains a collection of resources for suicide prevention, including:
- self-help tools for consumers
- organisations and research consortiums dedicated to suicide prevention
- strategies for addressing suicide prevention
- suicide prevention research findings.
Lifeline is a not-for-profit organisation that provides access to crisis support, suicide prevention and mental health support services in Australia. Lifeline also provides national services and campaigns that promote emotional wellbeing, encourage help-seeking, and address suicide prevention and awareness.
Lifeline services include:
- 24-hour telephone crisis support - 13 11 14
- Crisis support chat - online chat 7pm-4am daily
- Service Finder - directory of local health and community services
- DValert -Domestic Violence Response Training
- National Cannabis Prevention and Information Centre and Helpline
myCompass is a pioneering e-mental health initiative designed to simply and effectively promote mental health and wellbeing. myCompass was developed by a team of health professionals at the Black Dog Institute, and funded by the Australian Government.
The myCompass self-help program assesses users' symptoms, and then provides a personalised and interactive program that includes:
- online psychological tools
- round-the-clock monitoring of moods and behaviours
- motivational tips via email and SMS.
myCompass is accessible 24/7 from any internet-enabled computer, mobile phone or tablet. Most importantly, clinical evidence shows that it works to reduce mental illness symptoms and increase wellbeing.
Mental Health Online
Mental Health Online (formerly Anxiety Online) is an internet-based treatment clinic for people with mental health problems. Mental Health Online provides information, online clinical assessment and online treatment programs. Mental Health Online also conducts research trials through which people can access further treatment. It is an initiative of the National eTherapy Centre (NeTC) at Swinburne University of Technology and funded by the Federal Department of Health and Ageing.
This Way Up
THIS WAY UP provides information, treatment and prevention strategies for individuals experiencing anxiety and depression. The online courses have been shown to be effective in lessening depression and anxiety symptoms in both research trials and practice.
The e-hub Assist website provides information and resources for users and facilitators of e-hub online self-help programs. The website is an appropriate resource for mental health professionals, other health professionals, teachers, youth workers, carers and support workers.
BluePages (provided as part of ANU's e-hub Web Services) provides information about evidence-based treatments for depression. It also provides online symptom quizzes, relaxation downloads and links to other helpful resources and services. Research indicates that use of this site can be effective for decreasing symptoms of depression.
MoodGYM (provided as part of ANU's e-hub Web Services) is a popular online and interactive program for preventing and coping with depression. MoodGYM teaches self-help skills drawn from cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). The program has been extensively researched and its effectiveness has been demonstrated in randomised controlled trials.
e-couch is ANU's e-hub Web Services' newest self-help interactive program. e-couch includes modules for depression, social anxiety and generalised anxiety, as well as bereavement/loss and separation/divorce. It provides self-help interventions drawn from cognitive, behavioural and interpersonal therapies as well as relaxation and physical activity.
BlueBoard, part of ANU's e-hub Web Services' is an online support group for people over 18 years affected by depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, eating disorders or borderline and related personality disorders. It provides a supportive online space for individuals and carers to share experiences. BlueBoard is moderated by consumers using strict safety and privacy protocols.
Beacon is a part of ANU's e-hub Web Services Beacon can help you choose the online program, support group or mobile app that is right for you. Beacon provides researcher, health expert and consumer reviews and ratings of online programs, support groups and mobile apps for mental and physical health disorders.
The eCentreClinic is a not-for-profit initiative from the Centre for Emotional Health at Macquarie University. It is an internet-based research clinic that develops and tests free online treatment courses for people experiencing mental health problems. The courses are appropriate for people with symptoms of worry, anxiety (including OCD and PTSD), stress, depression, low mood and other health conditions, including chronic pain.
Learn Psychology: Suicide and Depression Awareness Guide for Students (US resource)
Those contemplating suicide or experiencing the depths of a severe depression might not be able to see any other way out of their pain than ending their lives. People experiencing depression or suicidal thoughts need options, reassurance, hope and help. This guide provides an understanding and awareness of suicide to college students, as well as helpful prevention resources.
Visit the Learn Psychology website (Please note, this is a US resource and all emergency and telephone helplines provided are for people based in the US.)
Suicide Prevention Resource Center (US)
The Suicide Prevention Resource Center (SPRC) is a US resource funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). It is a national centre that helps strengthen the suicide prevention efforts of state, tribal, community, and campus suicide prevention organisations and coalitions, and organisations that serve populations with high suicide rates.The Suicide Prevention Resource Center provides online resources, technical assistance and training for health professionals, individuals, carers and friends to improve their understanding and expertise around suicide prevention.To help keep everyone informed the Suicide Prevention Resource Centre has:
- a current awareness newsletter (The Weekly SPARK)
- an online library
- customised information pages that outline the roles of various professionals in preventing suicide.
National Mental Health Commission (Australia)
The National Mental Health Commission plays a key role in the government's commitment to long-term reforms in mental health.The Commission will:
- manage and administer the annual National Report Card on Mental Health and Suicide Prevention
- monitor and report on the performance of the mental health system
- develop, collate and analyse data and reports from other sources (to ensure that a cross sectoral perspective is taken to mental health reform)
- provide mental health policy advice
- engage consumers and carers in mental health policy and service improvements.
Suicide Prevention Australia
Suicide Prevention Australia (SPA) is the national peak body for the suicide prevention sector in Australia.
SPA is responsible for:
- providing policy advice to governments
- providing community awareness and public education
- research into suicide prevention
- leading Australia's future engagement internationally.
Community Response to Eliminating Suicide (CORES) (Australia)
CORES is a community-based program which trains people to educate their local community about how to be proactive in order to prevent somebody taking their life, or harming themselves.
American Association of Suicidology (US)
The American Association of Suicidology (AAS) is a not-for-profit membership organisation for all those involved in suicide prevention and intervention, or have been touched by suicide. AAS is a leader in the advancement of scientific and programmatic efforts in suicide prevention. AAS conducts research, develops standards and resources, delivers education and training, and provides survivor support services. The AAS website provides information, resources and links to a range or relevant sites.
International Academy for Suicide Research (IASR) (Canada)
The International Academy for Suicide Research (IASR) is an organisation that promotes high standards of research and scholarship in the field of suicidal behaviour. IASR helps to foster communication and cooperation among scholars engaged in suicide research. IASR produces a peer-reviewed journal Archives of Suicide Research, published by Taylor-Francis.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration (SAMHSA) (U.S.)
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's (SAMHSA) mission is to reduce the impact of substance abuse and mental illness on American communities. It seeks to do this by effectively targeting substance abuse and mental health services to the people most in need and to translate research in these areas more effectively and more rapidly into the general health care system.
R U OK? Foundation
The R U OK? Foundation is a not-for-profit organisation dedicated to encouraging all people to support those that might be struggling by regularly and sincerely asking, ‘Are you ok?’ By inspiring people to ask the question, it hopes to contribute to a world where all people are connected and protected from suicide.
National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) (UK)
National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) helps health and social care professionals deliver the best possible care based on the best available evidence. NICE provide independent, authoritative and evidence-based guidance on how to best prevent, diagnose and treat disease and ill health, reducing inequalities and variation.
NICE produces guidelines and updates on the treatments and care available for those experiencing self-harm. Some guidelines and updates produced by NICE and relevant to CRESP include:
- the guidelines for short-term management and prevention of recurrence of self-harm
- the guidelines for the longer term care and treatment of self-harm
- the quality standard for the treatments and services for self-harm
The Mental Health Commission of NSW
The Mental Health Commission of NSW is an independent body which helps drive reform that benefits people who experience mental illness, their families and their carers.The commission is working with the community towards sustained improvement of:
- the support offered to people who experience mental illness
- access to employment, education, housing, justice and general healthcare.
University of Oxford Centre for Suicide Research (UK)
The University of Oxford Centre for Suicide Research is focused on the investigation of the causes, treatment and prevention of suicidal behaviour. The research program includes epidemiological studies and looks into the full range of the causes of suicidal behaviour (psychological, psychiatric, social and biological). The University of Oxford Centre for Suicide Research are especially interested in developing and evaluating effective methods of treating people after suicide attempts and preventing suicidal behaviour. The research program is also concerned with improving care for bereaved relatives and other people affected by suicide.
Centre for Research and Intervention on Suicide and Euthanasia (Canada)
The Centre for Research and Intervention on Suicide and Euthanasia (CRISE) is an interdisciplinary research centre at the University of Quebec, Montreal. CRISE consists of more than 40 researchers, practitioners, doctoral and post-doctoral students from four universities and another 20 institutions and community organisations in Quebec. The objective of CRISE’s activities is to reduce suicide, suicidal behaviours and the negative consequences of suicide.
Injury Control Research Center for Suicide Prevention (US)
The Injury Control Research Center for Suicide Prevention (ICRC-S) promotes a public health approach to suicide prevention through a collaborative process of research, outreach, and education. Their goal is to bring suicide prevention directly into the domain of public health and injury prevention and link suicide prevention to complementary approaches to mental health. ICRC-S is one of 11 injury control research centres funded by the United States Centers for Disease Control.
McGill Group for Suicide Studies (Canada)
The McGill Group for Suicide Studies (MGSS) is a multidisciplinary team interested in the investigation of risk factors associated with suicidal behaviour and related conditions (e.g. major depressive disorder). MGSS uses a range of different approaches and methodologies in their research.
Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention (AISRAP)
The Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention (AISRAP) is located at Griffith University. In 2008, it was funded by the Department of Health and Ageing as a Centre of Research Excellence, and plays a key role in Australia’s National Suicide Prevention Strategy. In 2005, it became a World Health Organisation Collaborating Centre for research and training in suicide prevention.
- conducts research in all aspects of suicide prevention
- manages the Queensland Suicide Register
- provides education and training for health and allied professionals
- offers postgraduate programs in suicidology
- offers Suicide Prevention Skills Training workshops for professionals and consumers.
OSPI-Europe: Optimizing Suicide Prevention Programs and their Implementation in Europe
OSPI-Europe is a collaborative research project funded by the European Commission under the Seventh Framework Programme. The goal of OSPI-Europe is to provide European Union members with an evidence-based prevention concept for suicidality. Further, concrete materials and instruments for running and evaluating these interventions and recommendations for the proper implementation of the intervention will be developed and disseminated.
Euregenas (European Regions Enforcing Actions Against Suicide) is a three years project, funded by the European Union under the Public Health Programme 2008-2013.
The overall objective of the project is to contribute to the prevention of suicidal ideation, suicide attempts and suicide in Europe. Euregenas aims to develop and implement suicide prevention strategies at the regional level to act as examples of good practice for all of Europe. Euregenas brings together 11 regions in Europe and their diverse experiences in suicide prevention.
The National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention (U.S.)
The National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention is the public-private partnership advancing the United States’ National Strategy for Suicide Prevention . The alliance is working to:
- make suicide prevention a national priority
- support the implementation of the national strategy’s high priority objectives
- cultivate the resources needed to sustain progress.
The National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention envisions a nation free from the tragic experience of suicide. The goal of the alliance is to save 20,000 lives in five years.Visit the website
National Suicide Prevention Strategy (Australia)
The National Suicide Prevention Strategy (NSPS) provides the platform for Australia's national policy on suicide prevention with an emphasis on promotion, prevention and early intervention.
The strategy has four key components. They include:
- the Living is for Everyone (LIFE) Framework
- the National Suicide Prevention Strategy Action Framework
- the National Suicide Prevention Program (NSPP)
- mechanisms to promote alignment and enhancement of suicide activities Australia-wide
2012 National Strategy for Suicide Prevention (US)
The US 2012 National Strategy for Suicide Prevention is the result of a joint effort by the Office of the U.S. Surgeon General and the National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention.
The national strategy is a call to action that is intended to guide suicide prevention actions in the United States over the next decade. It outlines four strategic directions with 13 goals and 60 objectives that are meant to work together to prevent suicide in the nation.
Western Australia Suicide Prevention Strategy 2009-2013
The WA Suicide Prevention Strategy is aligned with the National Suicide Prevention Strategy: Living is for Everyone (LIFE). It provides a framework and governance structure to guide future initiatives in Western Australia
New South Wales Suicide Prevention Strategy 2010-2015
The NSW Suicide Prevention Strategy sets out the NSW Government's strategic directions and intended outcomes for suicide prevention in NSW over the next five years. The prevention strategy is aligned with the National Suicide Prevention Strategy: Living is for Everyone (LIFE).
South Australia Suicide Prevention Strategy 2010-2016
The SA Suicide Prevention Strategy has resulted from consultation throughout SA and describes a whole-of-community, whole-of-government approach to suicide prevention. The strategy maximises the capacity of health and community services, families, and communities to work together to prevent suicide. The atrategy is supported and facilitator by many existing acts, and policies as well as SA’s Strategic Plan. The prevention strategy is aligned with the National Suicide Prevention Strategy: Living is for Everyone (LIFE).
Tasmania’s Suicide Prevention Strategy 2010-2014
Tasmania's Suicide Prevention Strategy is a sub-strategy to the Building the Foundations for Mental Health and Wellbeing framework (a promotion, prevention and early intervention framework). The prevention strategy has been developed within a mental health promotion, mental illness prevention and early intervention framework.
ACT Managing the Risk of Suicide: A suicide Prevention Strategy 2009-2014
The ACT Government's Suicide Prevention Strategy provides a service development framework to guide an integrated, whole-of-community approach to suicide prevention across the lifespan in the ACT.
Public Health Action for the Prevention of Suicide (WHO)
The purpose of this resource is to assist governments in developing and implementing strategies for the prevention of suicide, and to help governments conceptualise national suicide prevention strategies. It also identifies the critical elements of a framework for taking public health action to prevent suicide. The document was published by the World Health Organisation.
Living Well: A Strategic Plan for Mental Health in NSW 2014-2024
The strategic plan sets out directions for reform of the mental health system in NSW over the next 10 years. These directions include providing services which respect people and offer them support in ways they find helpful and that fit well with their lives. It maps a demanding agenda for change that puts people – not processes – at the heart of its thinking.
NT Suicide Prevention Strategic Action Plan 2015-2018
The NT Government’s Suicide Prevention Strategic Action Plan outlines the next set of suicide prevention initiatives. The initiatives aim to reduce the incidence and impact of suicide in all NT communities. Many of the initiatives strengthen activities already underway while others involve expanded scope and innovation. The action plan is a coordinated approach across six action areas to ensure a comprehensive program that increases wellbeing and resilience, knowledge and capability across the NT.Visit the NT Department of Health page to download the strategy
National Mental Health Commission: National Review of Mental Health Programmes and Strategies
The Commonwealth Government tasked the National Mental Health Commission with conducting a national review of the mental health programs and services. The review’s main focus was to assess the effectiveness of programs and services that support individuals experiencing mental illness and their families. The review also assessed services that work to help people experiencing mental health problems lead productive lives.
The final report was provided to the Commonwealth Government on 1 December 2014.
A Contributing Life: the 2012 National Report Card on Mental Health and Suicide Prevention
The 2012 report card casts an independent eye over how we as a nation support the estimated 3.2 million Australians each year who live with mental health issues, their families and carers. The report card also went into how we as a nation provide and co-ordinate the services they need.
MH Report Card 2012 Supplementary Paper: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples
This report card provided a composite picture to reflect the diversity of the journey of different Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities and generations. The supplementary paper, The Mental Health and Social and Emotional Wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples, Families and Communities, offers a more in depth picture of that diversity. The paper provides detail behind the wider story of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and how this impacts their mental health and wellbeing.
A Contributing Life: the 2013 National Report Card on Mental Health and Suicide Prevention
The 2013 report card continues the National Mental Health Commission's commitment to change. The 2013 report card builds upon the foundations and whole-of-life scope established in the inaugural report card released in 2012. The 2013 report card added an additional eight recommendations for action to the existing 11 recommendations first outlined in 2012 An entire chapter within the 2013 report card was devoted to reviewing what works in suicide prevention, informed by a literature review undertaken by CRESP and the Black Dog Institute. The chapter provided valuable information that can help inform suicide prevention activities in Australia. The chapter highlighted:
- key statistics
- the evidence-base for what works in suicide prevention
- the gaps that exist in the evidence-base
Suicidal Behaviours in Men: Determinants and Prevention in Australia
Around the world, male suicide rates are almost universally higher than those of females. This report investigates the phenomenon of suicidal behaviour in men. The report was published in 2013 by the Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention (AISRAP).
The report takes a focus on Australian males and presents:
- current research on the factors behind male vulnerability to suicide
- how male suicides can be prevented
- activities currently undertaken that aim to reduce suicidal behaviours
The report provides a range of recommendations to address male suicide in Australia.
The Elders' Report into Preventing Indigenous Self-Harm and Youth Suicide
Thirty-one Indigenous Elders from northern Australia have contributed to a new report addressing self-harm and suicide prevention amongst Indigenous communities.The report was produced as a part of the Culture is life campaign in response to the large increase in Indigenous self-harm and suicide in northern Australia over the past 20 years. One of the communities recorded the highest rate for youth Indigenous suicide in the world.
The report’s foreword is written by Social Justice Commissioner Mick Gooda. The report’s introduction is written by Professor Pat Dudgeon. Professor Dudgeon is the co-chair of the Aboriginal Mental Health and Suicide Prevention Advisory Group for the National Mental Health Commission and a leading Indigenous psychologist.
Lifeline SROI Study on Online Crisis Support Chat Service
Lifeline has published the results of a study undertaken examining the social return on investment (SROI) of Lifeline Online Crisis Support Chat. The Lifeline Online Crisis Support Chat is a crisis intervention service to support suicide prevention in Australia. The study found that for each dollar invested in the service, a social return of $8.40 is achieved. The study was supported by the MLC Community Foundation.